FIPS 140-2

FIPS White 406x406

Validate your product to meet Regulated Industry and Government requirements for cryptography

FIPS 140-2

Validate your product to meet Regulated Industry and Government requirements for cryptography

What Is FIPS 140-2?

The Federal Information Processing Standard 140-2 (FIPS 140-2) is a U.S. and Canadian co-sponsored security standard for hardware, software, and firmware solutions. In U.S. government procurement, all solutions that use cryptography must complete FIPS 140-2 validation to ensure end users receive a high degree of security, assurance, and dependability.

The Standard           The Levels           The Process

The Standard: FIPS 140-2

The use of FIPS 140-2 validated products is mandated by Section 5131 of the Information Technology Management Reform Act of 1996.
All products sold into U.S. federal agencies are required to complete FIPS 140-2 validation if they use cryptography in security systems that process Sensitive But Unclassified (SBU) information.
Security requirements are outlined in full within the NIST FIPS 140-2 PUB.
 FIPS Validated is different from “FIPS Compliant” or “FIPS Inside” 

The Levels: Security Requirements

      Level 1

Validation of at least one approved algorithm or security function
 Production-grade evaluated components

      Level 2

All Level 1 requirements
 Role-based authentication & physical security requirements for tamper evidence

     Level 3

 All Level 1 and 2 requirements
 Identity-based authentication & physical security mechanisms for tamper detection & tamper response

     Level 4

 All Level 1, 2, and 3 requirements
 Physical security mechanisms to detect and reply to tampering; including environmental attacks

   Level 1

Validation of approved algorithm and sources of encryption
Physical security of normal production grade materials

   Level 2

All Level 1 requirements
Additional physical security requirements for tamper resistance; including pick resistant locks, covers, and doors as well as tamper evident coatings or seals preventing physical access

     Level 3

 All Level 1 and Level 2 requirements
 Physical security mechanisms for tamper detection and response that can zero out or wipe critical security parameters within a device

     Level 4

 All Level 1, 2, and 3 requirements
 Physical security mechanisms able to detect tampering and reply to such attempts by wiping all plaintext critical security parameters
 Protect against environmental attacks including attempts to compromise via voltage and/or temperature outside the normal operating range

The Process: Done Once, Done Right

Corsec’s Three-Step Methodology helps to decrease risk, increase security, and accelerate sales; guaranteeing validation success – Done Once, Done Right!

Corsec Assessment

Assess

An Assessment of Your Company & Product to Identify an Efficient Validation Path

Enhance

Design Consulting to Harden Your Product Against FIPS Requirements

Validate

End-to-End Support to Guide You Through The Entire Validation Process

Assess

An Assessment of Your Company & Product to Identify the Most Efficient Path to Validation

Enhance

Design Consulting to Harden Your Product Against FIPS Requirements

Validate

End-to-End Support to Guide You Through The Entire Validation Process
Determining the appropriate approach for your FIPS 140-2 validation is essential; depending on your product, the level you pursue, the boundary you draw, and the engineering changes required, your path to certification could alter greatly.